Thursday, April 30, 2009

Everything You Need to Know About Windows 7

The following article will answer the most important questions about Microsoft’s upcoming operating system Windows 7, basically everything you need to know about Windows 7 to be prepared for the upcoming release. We have decided to create the article in a form that resembles faq pages to make it easier to read.

What’s the current stage of development?

The release candidate will be released publicly in the coming week. It will be available for 1-2 months and expire in mid 2010 giving every user enough time to test if they have the desire to do so.

When will Windows 7 be released?

Microsoft has not revealed a release date for their new operating system yet. Most experts think that it will either be released in the fourth quarter of 2009 or at the latest in the first quarter of 2010.

What are the hardware requirements?

Microsoft has published hardware requirements for Windows 7 Beta. It is expected that the same requirements will be valid for Windows 7 Final. It is generally accepted that computers that are running Windows Vista will be capable of running Windows 7 as well.



Which editions of Windows 7 will be released?

Microsoft will release six editions of Windows 7. Not all of them will be made available worldwide though:

  • Windows 7 Starter - Designed for low end computer systems like netbooks, comes with severe limitations.
  • Windows 7 Home Basic - Designed for emerging markets only.
  • Windows 7 Home Premium - Worldwide available, one of the main end user systems that comes with a solid feature set.
  • Windows 7 Professional - Worldwide available, aimed at small to medium sized businesses, professionals and enthusiasts.
  • Windows 7 Ultimate - Will only be available online
  • Windows 7 Enterprise - Same as Windows 7 ultimate but only available to organizations and large companies.

What are the differences between the six Windows 7 editions?

Each version builds up on each other: Windows 7 Starter -> Windows 7 Home Basic -> Windows 7 Home Premium -> Windows 7 Professional -> Windows 7 Ultimate / Enterprise

All 32-bit editions will support a maximum of 4 Gigabytes of computer memory. The 64-bit editions will support the following amounts:

Starter / Home Basic: 8GB
Home Premium: 16GB
Professional / Ultimate / Enterprise: 192GB

What are the major changes to previous operating systems like Windows Vista?

Windows 7 feels in many regards like an optimized version of Windows Vista. It runs on the same computer hardware and combines better performance across the board. Some of the major changes are:

  • Improved interface
  • Better performance, i.e. startup times, system load
  • UAC improvements
  • Evolved kernel
  • Virtualization
  • Touch support, hardware sensors
  • New and improved software programs
  • Homegroup networking
  • Better Troubleshooting, Windows Solution Center
  • Better Customization, e.g. custom themes, wallpapers
Will Microsoft provide upgrade opportunities?

Microsoft will provide upgrade opportunities both for Windows XP and Windows Vista users. Free upgrades are provided for users who purchase a computer system with Windows Vista after July 1, 2009. Not all versions are however eligible for the upgrade. Upgrades are only available for systems of the same language and the only allowed upgrade paths are

  • Windows Vista Home Premium -> Windows 7 Home Premium
  • Windows Vista Business -> Windows 7 Professional
  • Windows Vista Ultimate -> Windows 7 Ultimate

There will be no free upgrade for all other versions of Windows Vista that are purchased after July 1.

How are the updates installed?

Windows XP users need to perform a clean install. This is the only way to upgrade to Windows 7 except for the possibility to first upgrade to Windows Vista and then to Windows 7 if copies of both operating systems are available. Windows Vista users can perform the upgrades right away. The upgrade paths are the same as for the free Vista to Windows 7 upgrades.

  • Windows Vista Home Premium -> Windows 7 Home Premium
  • Windows Vista Business -> Windows 7 Professional
  • Windows Vista Ultimate -> Windows 7 Ultimate

Every other combination has to be installed doing a fresh install.

How much will Windows 7 cost?

Microsoft has not revealed any information about the pricing of Windows 7 yet. It is likely that prices will be in the same range of Windows Vista and that the prices for Vista will drop a bit to reflect that. Expected prices will therefor be in the following price ranges.

  • Windows 7 Home Premium: $100-$150
  • Windows 7 Professional: $200-$250
  • Windows 7 Ultimate: $300-$350

How to Disable Error Reporting in Windows XP

Follow these steps on how to disable error reporting in your Windows XP machine.

1. First, right-click the My Computer icon in the Start menu.

2. Next, select Properties to open up the System Properties window.



3. Now, select the Advanced tab.

4. Then, under the Advanced tab, click the Button that reads Error Reporting at the bottom of the application.



The Error Reporting window should now appear.



5. Next, select the item that reads Disable Error Reporting. Although you are choosing to eliminate all error reporting, you will still be notified when critical errors occur as long as you keep the box checked that says “But notify me when critical errors occur” under the item: Disable error reporting.

6. Finally, click OK to exit the window and then click OK again to exit the System Properties window.

That’s it! You should not receive those annoying error messages again, but will still receive the critical ones. Have fun!

Wednesday, April 29, 2009

Free Tool that Prevents USB Flash Drive Infection

The Microsoft Windows Operating Systems use the AUTORUN.INF file from removable drives in order to know which actions to perform when a new external storage device, such as a USB drive or CD/DVD, is inserted into the PC. The AUTORUN.INF file is a configuration file that is normally located in the root directory of removable media and contains, among other things, a reference to the icon that will be shown associated to the removable drive or volume, a description of its content and also the possibility to define a program which should be executed automatically when the unit is mounted.

The problem is that this feature, widely critizised by the security community, is used by malware in order to spread by infecting as soon as a new drive is inserted in a computer. The malware achieves this by copying a malicious executable in the drive and modifying the AUTORUN.INF file so that Windows opens the malicious file silently as soon as the drive is mounted. The most recent examples of this are the W32/Sality, W32/Virutas and also the W32/Conficker worm which, in addition to spreading via a vulnerability and network shares, also spreads via USB drives.

Due to the large amount of malware-related problems associated with Microsoft AutoRun we have created a free utility for our user community called Panda USB Vaccine.

Computer Vaccination

The free Panda USB Vaccine allows users to vaccinate their PCs in order to disable AutoRun completely so that no program from any USB/CD/DVD drive (regardless of whether they have been previously vaccinated or not) can auto-execute. This is a really helpful feature as there is no user friendly and easy way of completely disabling AutoRun on a Windows PC.

USB Vaccination

The free Panda USB Vaccine can be used on individual USB drives to disable its AUTORUN.INF file in order to prevent malware infections from spreading automatically. When applied on a USB drive, the vaccine permanently blocks an innocuous AUTORUN.INF file, preventing it from being read, created, deleted or modified. Once applied it effectivelly disables Windows from automatically executing any malicious file that might be stored in that particular USB drive. The drive can otherwise be used normally and files (even malware) copied to/from it, but they will be prevented from opening automatically. Panda USB Vaccine currently only works on FAT & FAT32 USB drives.

If you want to re-enable AUTORUN.INF , just click remove vaccine ( I don't reccomend this unless you absoulutely have to remove the vaccine).

Download it here

Tuesday, April 28, 2009

How to Change Password on Windows XP / 7 without knowing the Original Password

This is useful for many occasions such as if you forget the password to your primary account on your computer but still have access to another 0ne or if you simply want to prank your brother.

This has been tested on both Windows XP and Windows 7.

For this to work you must have access to another account because you have to use Command Prompt or CMD to change the password.

Here is how to do it:
  • Open Command Prompt (CMD) by going to Start -> Run -> cmd.exe
  • Type in ‘net users’. This will show you a list of all the accounts on the computer. This is just to check and make sure you know the EXACT username of the account you want to change the password for.
  • Next, you need to type in ‘net user (whatevertheusernameis) 


  • Next you shall get a prompt asking you for the new password:


Finally it shall ask you to repeat the new password, click enter and BAM, you have now changed the password without knowing the original one.

How to Get License Key for Avast 4 Home Edition

Click on the avast! icon on your desktop.
Click on Registration (second line from the bottom) and you should see this:



Click on Program Registration.
Your browser will come up with the avast registration web page.

Register either as a new user (if you never had a license key; check your My Documents folder!) or as a registered user who lost the license key.

When you get the email with the license key copy/paste the key into the highlighted field under "Enter your License Key" and click on OK.

How to disable IPv6 completely on Windows vista or 2008 server

IPv6 is the next-generation Internet Layer protocol for packet-switched internetworks and the Internet. IPv4 is currently the dominant Internet Protocol version. IPv6 is installed and enabled by default in Microsoft Windows Vista/Server 2008/7.

If your network aint using IPv6 than you are safe to disable IPv6 or If you want to disable IPv6 by any cause, just follow the simple steps:

1. Run Registry Editor (type regedit in StartSearch or Run Dialog
box).

2. Navigate to: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Servic es\Tcpip6\Parameters

3. In the right pane, create a DWORD (32-bit) Value and name it
DisabledComponents

4. Double-click DisabledComponents, and then set its data value
ffffffff in HEX or 4294967295 in Decimal

5. Restart your Windows to take effect.

Monday, April 27, 2009

How to Configure your Firewall in Windows 7 (with pictures)

A firewall is software or hardware that checks information coming from the Internet or a network, and then either blocks it or allows it to pass through to your computer, depending on your firewall settings.

A firewall can help prevent hackers or malicious software from gaining access to your computer through a network or the Internet. A firewall can also help stop your computer from sending malicious software to other computers.

You can customize most settings through left pane of the Firewall applet in Control Panel.

1. Turn on Windows Firewall.
This setting is selected by default. When Windows Firewall is on, most programs are blocked from communicating through the firewall. If you want to allow a program to communicate through the firewall, you can add it to the list of allowed programs. For example, you might not be able to send photos in an instant message until you add the instant messaging program to the list of allowed programs. To add a program to the list, see Allow a program to communicate through Windows Firewall.

2. Block all incoming connections, including those in the list of allowed programs
This setting blocks all unsolicited attempts to connect to your computer. Use this setting when you need maximum protection for your computer, such as when you connect to a public network in a hotel or airport, or when a computer worm is spreading over the Internet. With this setting, you are not notified when Windows Firewall blocks programs, and programs in the list of allowed programs are ignored. When you block all incoming connections, you can still view most webpages, send and receive e-mail, and send and receive instant messages.

3. Turn off Windows Firewall
Avoid using this setting unless you have another firewall running on your computer. Turning off Windows Firewall might make your computer more vulnerable to damage from hackers and malicious software.

4. How to allow a program to communicate through Windows Firewall
By default, most programs are blocked by Windows Firewall to help make your computer more secure. To work properly, some programs might require you to allow them to communicate through the firewall. Here’s how to do that:
  • Click Allow a program or feature through Windows Firewall. If you are prompted for an administrator password or confirmation, type the password or provide confirmation.
  • Click Enable all controls. If you are prompted for an administrator password or confirmation, type the password or provide confirmation.
  • Select the check box next to the program you want to allow, select the network location types you want to allow communication on, and then click OK.
5. How to open a port in Windows Firewall
If Windows Firewall is blocking a program and you want to allow that program to communicate through the firewall, you can usually do that by selecting the program in the list of allowed programs (also called the exceptions list) in Windows Firewall. To learn how to do this, see Allow a program to communicate through Windows Firewall.

However, if the program isn’t listed, you might need to open a port. For example, to play a multiplayer game with friends online, you might need to open a port for the game so that the firewall allows the game information to reach your computer. A port stays open all the time, so be sure to close ports that you don’t need anymore.

Click to open Windows Firewall. In the left pane, click Advanced settings.


In the Windows Firewall with Advanced Security dialog box, in the left pane, click Inbound Rules, and then, in the right pane, click New Rule.

Follow the instructions on your screen.

Saturday, April 25, 2009

How to Use the System Restore Function of Windows XP

Well, we all have been there. We turn on our computer (boot up) getting ready to type that school report, or business presentation and guess what, our computer just does not want to work today. Whether it's the word processor, spreadsheet, or financial package that isn't working, most people do not know that Microsoft Windows XP has a built in feature that just may come and save the day. That feature is called "System Restore."

Basically, System Restore is like a little hound that runs behind the scenes taking "snapshots" of various parts of the Microsoft Windows XP operating system. So, if a part of Microsoft Windows XP stops working one day, the System Restore utility is able to reference one of the "snapshots" it took and restore your system from a previous day (a day when your computer worked). It's kind of like going back in time to a day when your computer worked. All your current data (Microsoft Word files, etc.) are still retained, so you don't have to worry about losing any present day files.

In order to restore your computer just follow these simple steps:

1. Close any open programs.
2. Click on the Windows "Start" button (normally located on the bottom of your computer desktop) 
3. Click on "All Programs" 
4. Click on "Accessories" 
5. Click on "System Tools" 
6. Then click on "System Restore" 
7. At this point the System Restore wizard will launch. 

You will have two options:

a. "Restore my system from an earlier date" 
b. "Create a system restore point"

If you just need to restore your system and get it working correctly again, just select option "a" and click "Next."

8. On this screen you can select a date from the calendar that you would like to try and restore from. So, if you knew that your computer worked fine two days ago, just pick that date on the calendar and click "Next." 
9. The next screen is the confirmation window. Just verify the information on the screen and click "Next." Windows XP will then reboot and try to restore your system with the settings from the date you selected.

The System Restore process can take anywhere from 10 to 30 minutes depending on how much reconfiguration Windows XP needs to do and how fast of a PC you have. When System Restore is done, a screen will popup with the results of the restore. If it was successful, you can then log into the system and start using the computer again. Any quirky issues that you were having are now hopefully gone.

Now, on step 7b above, I mentioned the "Create a system restore point" option. This option is for when you want to force Windows XP to take a snapshot of your system just before you install a program or alter any system settings that you are not sure of. It is like a safety net for when you install any internet programs (sometimes riddled with spyware) or system drivers (video, audio, etc). If you want to revert back to a virgin state just create a restore point "before" installing any software. This way, if your machine starts acting weird, you can just restore your settings from the selected point.

With a little practice, the System Restore utility is easy to use and a great way to help ensure the safety of your computer.

When Lightning Strikes

Imagine this:

You are working in your home rushing a report on a cloudy night to be submitted the next day, when suddenly a lightning strikes. Simultaneously your computer went blank.

or

You come home from your extended trip to find that your house has been struck by lightning.

Minimal damage has happened to the structure, but you go inside and find that many of your electronic items, including a 3-year-old TV and a $1500 computer have been totally destroyed by the seemingly minor lightning hit!

What happened? You had all these electronics turned off and plugged into surge protectors, why did they get damaged so badly?

The telltale words in the previous sentence should give you a clue: ‘plugged into’. This assumes that the surge protectors themselves were still plugged into the wall … and they were.

Could this really happen?

Absolutely!

This is an actual account from a resident who went for a month to visit the kids and grandkids. When they returned, they found all of the damage to their electronic equipment throughout the house. Luckily, they had good insurance and the items were replaced.

I also experienced this event twice, one in our school (a year old, slightly used computer) and another in our house. A computer technician test which parts are not working. The power supply, hard drive, keyboard and mouse are functional. The DDR2 memory module still work. However, the motherboard, 15-inch LCD monitor and CD-ROM drive weren't functioning.

But getting a new computer is not like getting a new TV, where you take the TV out of the box and plug it into the wall and turn it on. It takes a lot of time to set up a new computer and reconfigure the software as well as take the backed up data and restore it to the new computer. I made a good amount of money that day but learned a great lesson that I will pass on to you.

First of all, if you have important data on your computer, back it up. If you don’t know how to do it, find a good technician or at least a friend who knows how to help you. Backing up data just means that you make a copy of the information that you work with on a regular basis on your computer, whether it is pictures or financial information or a book that you are writing … whatever is important to you, needs to have a copy that resides off of the computer. This client found out the hard way just how important it is to create these backup data discs, and was very grateful that she did! Programs that run on your machine can be replaced, but the data that you create with the program cannot be replaced, unless you have a copy of it!

Secondly, when you leave the house for any length of time and there is a chance that a thunderstorm will arrive near your building, you must shut down your computer and any electronic devices … if you want them to survive the storm. And, to absolutely play it safe, even if your devices are plugged into a surge protector and they are shut off … unplug the surge protector from the wall socket and the connection from the phoneline if your computer is connected to the internet.

That little act will save you from tons of costly grief! During thunderstorm season in the spring and summer, I shut off and unplug every computer that we have running at the office, as well as any other important electronic item that I don’t want damaged.

I hope you do the same!

How to repair runtime error 13 in Windows

If you are using Microsoft softwares, you will most likely run into run time errors as they are very common. In most cases, these errors are caused by conflicts that occur between the program and the operating system.

Runtime error 13 usually results when a user is running various programs utilizing Visual Basic when launching their system. Such programs include financial applications as well as anti-virus software and others that rely on Visual Basic. You can resolve runtime error 13 just as you fix other run time errors… that is, you have to find the problem and address it.


So Why Do You Get Runtime Error 13?

Usually, run time error 13 occurs with a problem to the order of components being used to launch an application. If you are starting a video game on Windows, for example, the system has to load the right files before the program can be launched. The files are in sequence. If one of them is missing or out of sequence, or is corrupt, then you will get this particular run-time error. If the Visual Basic element is involved, it usually means that there is more than one conflict.

Runtime Error 13 Troubleshooting

In order to fix runtime error 13, you need to find the file or files that are causing the error. The first thing to do is to check with the vendor of the software to see if there are any reported errors or patches that can be used to rectify the problem. This is the same type of method that is used to fix other run time errors.

You can also try to uninstall the application causing the problem and then re-install it. In some cases, poor installation can be the cause of errors, and reinstalling the software is the best way to eliminate this problem.

If you cannot rectify runtime error 13 after trying these methods, then you may want to use a registry cleaner. Aregistry cleaner will go through your computer and get rid of any dead or corrupted files. Often, a registry cleaner will be able to come up with the problem right away and solve it as well.

In some cases though, runtime 13 error is caused by a computer virus. You should have a good anti-virus program on your computer that will eliminate the potential for Trojans or viruses entering your computer and playing havoc with your programs. It is not difficult to fix runtime error 13. True, it can be very annoying, but it can often be rectified in the same manner as fixing all run time errors.Runtime errors often prompt you if you want the error to be reported to Microsoft. If you want to, you can disable error reporting to Microsoft if it’s bugging you.

Top Five reasons to switch to Linux

One of the most oft-asked questions I get is “Why should I switch to Linux?” It comes to me either via inbox or sound waves attacking my aural system every day. This has been going on for over ten years now I’ve heard the question from different locations on the globe, in different languages, from all ages, and in some odd locales. What is interesting about this question is that the answers, over the years, haven’t really changed that much. The order of importance has altered somewhat, but the answers have all pretty much remained the same.

So I thought I would bring these answer to the outstanding readers here at gHacks to inspire conversation on the topic. Without further adieu, let’s answer that age-old question. I am going to apply the order to today’s landscape, which of course includes the state of the world’s economy (That’d be a hint at number 1).


1. Cost. This is one of the most hotly debated issues surrounding the debate between Windows and Linux. Which is cheaper? One of the reasons this particular point is so hotly debated is because a simple acronym: TCO (Total Cost of Ownership). Why this gets in the way is because it makes developing actual, real numbers rather fuzzy. This fuzziness occurs because of the assumption that all involved in the migration would have to be paid to be educated. In my opinion this is an issue fettered to past releases of the operating system that didn’t enjoy nearly the user-friendliness that today’s Linux enjoys. This issue could also easily apply to migrations from, say Windows XP to Windows Vista or Windows 7. Both are technologies unfamiliar to the users. But the metaphors are the same. The user will still recognize the task bar, start menu, right and left mouse click, notification area, drop down menus, keyboard shortcuts…the basic things an end user needs to know to work. Making a comparison between modern Windows and modern Linux and you see these fundamental issues are pretty much the same.

So now you can look at the issue of cost on more equal footing. Now the $0.00 price tag on every Linux installation you have in your enterprise starts to look really good. Top that off with the $0.00 price tag of OpenOffice and nearly every Linux app you will need to get by and you can see how the savings will quickly pile up. And in today’s economy that type of savings means a ton.

2. Reliability. This ties in perfectly with the number one. The reliability of an operating system is directly proportional to the over all cost of said operating system. How? The more reliable your system, the less work will be spent keeping it running. The more reliable your system the more productive your users will be. And Linux has been proven, time and again, to be one of the most reliable operating systems available. A study was done by IBM to test the reliabilty of the Linux operating system in an enterprise envrionment. The results were very telling. Read the full results on the IBM Linux Reliability test page.

3. Security. I have said this so many times before. I have been using Linux for over ten years now and not once have I experienced a virus, a worm, a root kit, a piece of malware, or a hacker. Not once. I have also deployed countless Apache servers, mail servers, file servers, etc. and have yet to have issue. I have, on the other hand, had to deal with many, many Windows users who have suffered from malware, viruses, trojans, worms, etc. I have reformatted, re-installed, and trouble shooted (shot?) so many instances of an infected or hacked Windows machines I have lost count.

4. Freedom. From the beginning Linux has been about freedom. This freedom is all about the user and the freedom from software that offers no opportunity for the user to change the way the software behaves. Recently the Linux Foundation held a contest for a “We’re Linux” video. The winning entry elegantly explains what software freedom is all about. See the video here. Freedom is one of the main reasons why I use Linux. When a piece of software doesn’t behave in exactly the manner I want it to behave I change it. Open source allows me to do that. Try altering the behavior of a piece of Windows software (outside of the preferences window). The old Microsoft question “Where do you want to go today?” With Linux that question would be “Where do you want to go, how do you want to get there, do you want the scenic route, do you want a specific map for your trip (or do you want to wing it), and do you prefer first class or coach?”

5. Choice. Let’s face it, with Linux you have more choice than you do with any other operating system. You can choose your kernel, your distribution, your desktop, your window manager, your package manager…the list goes on and on. You can mix and match and even run Windows applications if you want. The way I always explain the difference between the metaphor of Linux vs. Windows is that with Windows you are given a floor and a ceiling to keep you from going too high or? too low. With Linux you are given four walls (all of which can be moved or removed), no floor, and no ceiling so you can go as high or as low as you want.

And there you have it. The five top reasons you should considering switching to the Linux operating system. Do you have reasons, other that the above, for switching to Linux? Do you have reasons for not switching to Linux? Let us know.

Deep Freeze: Protect Your PC Without using Anti virus

One of the biggest problem in a computer are the viruses. There are many software and anti virus but some of them doesn't really work well. To those people who rely have businesses that rely heavily on a working computer like schools, Internet Cafe, and some other businesses I recommend using Deep Freeze, a software that can protect your computer in many ways.

How does Deep Freeze works?

If you install Deep freeze in a computer, that computer will be frozen, so to speak. It means that the current settings will be saved. If the costumer use that computer and for example he used a Universal Serial Bus (USB) for saving his work and his USB has a virus and your computer was infected the only thing you must do is to restart that computer and after it the virus will gone because your system will back in his original settings. You don’t need to install Anti virus when you are using Deep Freeze because the update of your Anti Virus will be useless when you restart your computer unless you will disable the deep freeze every time you will update your Anti Virus. But for me I didn’t use Anti virus when I am using Deep Freeze because some of the Anti Virus made your computer slow so in case I have a problem in viruses and some other problem I’ve just restart my computer to fix it. Another Problem that deep freeze can help is for example your costumer installed something in your computer that is not useful for you, you don’t need to install it but just restart your computer and the installed program by your costumer will gone.

Important things to do when using Deep Freeze.

1. You need to provide a storage in order for you to save your project and important files because you cannot save any data to a computer with a deep freeze installed.

2. disable deep freeze when you are going to update your system or you are going to install a new program.

3. Enable deep freeze when you are finish to update or installed a new program in order to be frozen again.

Download DeepFreeze

Friday, April 24, 2009

How to Speedup Windows Vista Startup

Sometimes, the most impressive performance gains come from the simplest actions. In this analysis of techniques for speeding Windows Vista boot times, the biggest individual gain usually comes from tweaking a single startup setting—namely, the boot screen timeout setting easily available through the Vista System Configuration utility.

Check the System Configuration Settings

Here’s how to check—and change—this setting:

  1. From an administrative login or account, type msconfig.exe into the Vista Start menu search box. This launches the Vista System Configuration utility.
  2. Click on the Boot tab, notice the timeout entry highlighted in blue at the center right. By default, Vista sets this value to 30 seconds, which means the system waits 30 seconds for you to choose which operating system to boot even when there’s only one option available.
  3. Reset this value to 5 or 10 depending on how nimble-fingered (and -witted) you are. You’ll need to act fast when booting Vista if you ever want to invoke a different boot option. I usually set it to 10 on my systems.
That’s all there is to it. Congratulations! Depending on which value you select, you’ve either shaved 25 (5) or 20 (10) seconds off your previous Windows Vista boot time.

Frankly, this is as easy as it gets when speeding the Vista boot time. All the other options we’re about to explore seldom deliver this much improvement (though in extreme cases, resulting improvements will shave an even greater number of seconds off the usual boot time), and all require more work.

Common Vista Boot Time Accelerators

Let’s start with a list of the most common techniques to further speed up Windows Vista boot time. Following the list, I’ll briefly describe each one and how to implement it, along with some basic information on how much (or little) time each technique can shave off your boot and overall system startup time. Here goes:

  1. Uninstall unused or unneeded device drivers.
  2. Clean up Vista boot configuration data (BCD) entries.
  3. Speed up Vista disk response (this extends beyond boot time to normal operation for a win-win).
  4. Streamline the Vista registry.
  5. Manage what loads during startup.
These activities correspond roughly to what happens during the Windows boot process. First, your PC starts up and begins its power-on, self-test (POST) routines. Next, your PC loads the master boot record (MBR) from your boot disk, and begins the actual boot process. Next, the boot sector on the MBR loads the Windows Boot Manager (filename: bootmgr), which accesses the Vista Boot Configuration Data (BCD) data store on your hard drive to determine what boot options should be displayed for user selection (that’s where the time delay depicted at the start of this story comes into play). After an option is selected, the Windows Boot Manager oversees loading of the operating system files from the system disk, and the real boot process gets underway.

At this point, a program named winload.exe takes over. First, it switches the CPU from real mode into protected mode (to facilitate 32- or 64-bit memory access, depending on whether the OS is x86 or x64), after which it loads the operating system kernel file (ntoskrnl.exe). Then it enumerates hardware and loads Vista device drivers. If the system has been hibernating, Vista will detect the presence of a hibernation file (hiberfile.sys) at this point, and copy the disk image of memory into physical memory so Vista can resume where it left off. Otherwise, the system continues loading component files and capabilities and displays a progress bar on the screen while bringing all these files into operational status. During this process, the Windows Registry serves as a key source for information about what devices to enumerate, drivers to load, software elements to grab, settings to apply, and so forth and so on. File systems are loaded, disk drive and storage device access established, and basic Vista made operational.

Startup doesn’t actually complete until a user logs in. Only following login are startup programs loaded, and all active services get going and initialized. Any of these various subsystems and facilities can play a role in speeding Vista bootup and startup times, as I explain in the sections that follow, where I revisit the common speed-up tools and techniques mentioned in the list at the start of this section.

Uninstall Unused or Unneeded Device Drivers

If a device is listed in Device Manager (via Start, Control Panel, Device Manager), Vista will try to load its driver every time the system boots. No floppy drive on your system? Lose the floppy drive controller and the floppy disk drive entries. Not using Firewire? Lose the IEEE 1394 drivers likewise (right-click the entry, then click Uninstall in the resulting pop-up menu that appears). If you try this technique and the items reappear after you click the Scan for Hardware Changes entry in the Action menu, you’ll need to disable these devices in your PC BIOS the next time you reboot your system. Then you can uninstall the drivers and they’ll stay uninstalled.

WARNING!

If you uninstall something you need, you’ll need to re-enable its BIOS settings and let the hardware discovery re-load the driver later on. If there’s the slightest chance you might actually use a device, don’t take this step.

This activity takes a bit of hunting and pecking to complete. Overall time savings on the systems we timed ranged from 2 to 3 seconds of improvement. Big whoop! We consider this an optional boot-up enhancement, because the time spent in achieving this improvement vastly outweighs the resulting speed-up.

Clean Up Vista Boot Configuration Data (BCD) Entries

The System Configuration utility displays all the bootable options from the BCD in the pane just below the Boot tab. If you find spurious or unwanted entries in this list, highlight it, then click the Delete button, and it’s gone. I discovered a holdover from the Vista installed on my previous system drives—a mirrored pair that I had to replace when one member of that mirror crashed—in this list while writing this story, and promptly deleted it.

While this cleans up your BCD data store and reduces the number of options you must read when trying to decide what OS to boot, I couldn’t measure any performance improvement resulting from reducing the size of this list. For grins, I created half-dozen spurious entries, then deleted time, but measured no difference in “before” and “after” boot-up timings. That makes this an optional boot-up enhancement as well.

Speed Up Vista Disk Response

On the Internet, the abbreviation YMMV (“Your mileage may vary”) means that results you obtain from a particular action or technique will be all over the place. This is very true for this recommendation in Vista. There’s no doubt that a cleaned-up, defragmented system disk boots faster than a trashed-out, highly fragmented one. Boot time differences can go into the minutes for especially extreme before-and-after versions. On a reasonably well-maintained system, however, you’re not likely to see improvements of more than 10-15 seconds (this assumes you run scheduled defrag and disk clean-up tasks at least monthly, if not weekly). Nevertheless, we think this is a worthwhile element in any good Windows system maintenance regimen, and recommend that you follow this practice yourself.

Want a more extreme boot-up improvement? Buy a faster hard disk! I’ve observed boot-up improvements as high as 30 to 60 seconds on Vista machines when converting from older, slower 5,400 RPM IDE hard disks to 10,000 RPM SATA drives like the WD VelociRaptor or a capable Solid State Disk (SSD). The downside, of course, is that these disks are costly: As I write this story, a 150GB VelociRaptor goes for about $160 and a 300GB model for $200. A cheap 64GB SSD goes for around $100 right now, and a fast 80GB SSD costs about $500! This will be outside the envelope for many readers, but for those with money to burn, a (much) faster hard disk or SSD can indeed speed Vista startup significantly.

Manage What Loads During Startup

Once the bootup progresses to a login screen, startup activities take over. On a heavily-loaded system, you can still be a minute or two away from a fully usable system even when you get to this point. The secret here is to limit what software and processes load on your Vista system after logon, or at least to delay some process loads to occur several minutes after startup begins, so you have a chance to use it yourself.

Lots of tools are available to let you manage Vista startup behavior. Vista itself includes two reasonably useful tools with this capability. The Windows Configuration utility depicted earlier includes a Startup tab wherein all Startup items appear in alphabetical order. You can scan these items here and unselect any checkboxes to the left of items you don’t want or need.

In the same vein, the Windows Defender antispyware tool that Microsoft bundles with Vista includes a facility named Software Explorer (click Start, All Programs, Windows Defender, Tools, Software Explorer to fire it up). Among the categories of software it permits you to explore is one named Startup Programs.

Once you’ve highlighted an item on the left, you can elect to remove it completely or to disable it simply by clicking the corresponding button.

My personal favorite tool in this category is a gem from a company former known as sysinternals.com, now a part of Microsoft. OS gurus Mark Russinovich and Bryan Cogswell are the brains behind this outfit; these brains are apparently valuable enough that MS bought the company and still offers their free utilities as such. This particular one is called Autoruns for Windows v9.38; it’s now available as part of TechNet. Using this tool, you can zero in on items loaded at logon by Windows Explorer and Internet Explorer at boot execute time, plus scheduled tasks, services, drivers, and a whole lot more. A simple checkbox to the left of each entry lets you enable (checked) or disable (unchecked) such items.

As far as startup improvements go, this exercise is another YMMV. The more items you can turn off or delay, the better your improvement will be. This also means that the first time you do this, the improvements will be the most dramatic—often from 10 to 20 seconds can be bought back this way—whereas subsequent improvements will seldom be more than a second or two at best. Still, it’s nice to learn by looking up entry names or executables which ones you need and which ones you don’t, and then to disable the detritus.

WARNING!

Things you turn off with one tool won’t be visible using other tools. Pick msconfig, Software Explorer, Autoruns, or a similar tool of your own choosing, and use it exclusively to manage startup items. That way, you won’t have to ping-pong around a bunch of different tools if you ever need to turn something back on in the future. If you have only one place to go, you also have only one place to look.

Time Invested Can Mean Time Saved

Not every technique in this story is likely to speed your Vista boot or startup time overmuch, with the possible exception of trimming the timeout default to a more reasonable 5 or 10 seconds. Other than that, your improvements will be determined by the general health and cleanliness of your system (the better off it is to start, the smaller the difference most of these techniques will make). Only if you want to drop some serious cash on faster hard disks are you likely to buy your way into faster boot times. Nevertheless, the exercise is worthwhile not just because it speeds your way onto the desktop; it also makes sure your Vista environment is ship-shape!

If your Vista system takes longer than 3 minutes to get to a login prompt, chances are good that BIOS, hardware, or driver issues are at work. When things take this long, something fundamental isn’t right. I’ve seen some systems take 20-30 minutes to boot, some of which required replacing certain hardware items—a failing system drive, a bad wireless USB keyboard/mouse connector, or a failing memory module. Others remained stubbornly unfixable until I switched from one motherboard to another. Hardware mysteries can be difficult to pinpoint and solve, but here again: YMMV. If this is your situation, expert help or hardware replacement are probably your tickets to the best and most necessary fixes.

Thursday, April 23, 2009

Beep Codes Meaning - Error Codes

Standard Original IBM POST Error Codes
Code Description

1 short beep System is OK
2 short beeps POST Error - error code shown on screen No beep Power supply or system board problem Continuous beep Power supply, system board, or keyboard problem Repeating short beeps Power supply or system board problem
1 long, 1 short beep System board problem
1 long, 2 short beeps Display adapter problem (MDA, CGA)
1 long, 3 short beeps Display adapter problem (EGA)
3 long beeps 3270 keyboard card
IBM POST Diagnostic Code Descriptions
Code Description
100 - 199 System Board
200 - 299 Memory
300 - 399 Keyboard
400 - 499 Monochrome Display
500 - 599 Colour/Graphics Display
600 - 699 Floppy-disk drive and/or Adapter
700 - 799 Math Coprocessor
900 - 999 Parallel Printer Port
1000 - 1099 Alternate Printer Adapter
1100 - 1299 Asynchronous Communication Device, Adapter, or Port
1300 - 1399 Game Port
1400 - 1499 Colour/Graphics Printer
1500 - 1599 Synchronous Communication Device, Adapter, or Port
1700 - 1799 Hard Drive and/or Adapter
1800 - 1899 Expansion Unit (XT)
2000 - 2199 Bisynchronous Communication Adapter
2400 - 2599 EGA system-board Video (MCA)
3000 - 3199 LAN Adapter
4800 - 4999 Internal Modem
7000 - 7099 Phoenix BIOS Chips
7300 - 7399 3.5" Disk Drive
8900 - 8999 MIDI Adapter
11200 - 11299 SCSI Adapter
21000 - 21099 SCSI Fixed Disk and Controller
21500 - 21599 SCSI CD-ROM System

AMI BIOS Beep Codes
Code Description

1 Short Beep System OK
2 Short Beeps Parity error in the first 64 KB of memory
3 Short Beeps Memory failure in the first 64 KB
4 Short Beeps Memory failure in the first 64 KB Operational of memory
or Timer 1 on the motherboard is not functioning
5 Short Beeps The CPU on the motherboard generated an error
6 Short Beeps The keyboard controller may be bad. The BIOS cannot switch to protected mode
7 Short Beeps The CPU generated an exception interrupt
8 Short Beeps The system video adapter is either missing, or its memory is faulty
9 Short Beeps The ROM checksum value does not match the value encoded in the BIOS
10 Short Beeps The shutdown register for CMOS RAM failed
11 Short Beeps The external cache is faulty
1 Long, 3 Short Beeps Memory Problems
1 Long, 8 Short Beeps Video Card Problems

Phoenix BIOS Beep Codes
Note - Phoenix BIOS emits three sets of beeps, separated by a brief pause.

Code Description
1-1-3 CMOS read/write failure
1-1-4 ROM BIOS checksum error
1-2-1 Programmable interval timer failure
1-2-2 DMA initialisation failure
1-2-3 DMA page register read/write failure
1-3-1 RAM refresh verification failure
1-3-3 First 64k RAM chip or data line failure
1-3-4 First 64k RAM odd/even logic failure
1-4-1 Address line failure first 64k RAM
1-4-2 Parity failure first 64k RAM
2-_-_ Faulty Memory
3-1-_ Faulty Motherboard
3-2-4 Keyboard controller Test failure
3-3-4 Screen initialisation failure
3-4-1 Screen retrace test failure
3-4-2 Search for video ROM in progress
4-2-1 Timer tick interrupt in progress or failure
4-2-2 Shutdown test in progress or failure
4-2-3 Gate A20 failure
4-2-4 Unexpected interrupt in protected mode
4-3-1 RAM test in progress or failure>ffffh
4-3-2 Faulty Motherboard
4-3-3 Interval timer channel 2 test or failure
4-3-4 Time of Day clock test failure
4-4-1 Serial port test or failure
4-4-2 Parallel port test or failure
4-4-3 Math coprocessor test or failure
Low 1-1-2 System Board select failure
Low 1-1-3 Extended CMOS RAM failure

Windows XP and Advanced Power Management (APM) Support

This post describes how Windows XP installs Advanced Power Management (APM) support.

Windows XP supports the following two methods of power management:

  • Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI)
  • Advanced Power Management (APM)
ACPI is the preferred method for controlling power management. When ACPI support is not installed, Windows XP installs APM when any of the following situations occur:

1. The computer appears in the Auto-Enable APM list section of the Biosinfo.inf file. The computer passed APM tests and should work with APM. The APM tab is present and enabled in the Power Options tool in Control Panel.
2. The computer appears in the Disable APM list section of the Biosinfo.inf file. The computer is tested and found to have problems with APM. The APM tab is not present in the Power Options tool in Control Panel.
3. The computer does not appear in either of the lists, and is considered neutral. The computer is not tested for APM support in Windows XP. The APM tab is present in the Power Options tool in Control Panel, but it is not enabled by default. To configure this option:
1. In Control Panel, double-click Power Options.
2. On the APM tab, click Enable Advanced Power Management Support.

Microsoft does not recommend enabling APM support on a computer that is not detected as APM 1.2-compliant. If you experience problems after enabling APM support, disable APM, and contact the manufacturer for an updated BIOS. If a computer is a multiprocessor system, Windows XP does not install APM support.

Wednesday, April 22, 2009

How to Clean Trojan.Webkit!html virus - Trojan.Webkit!html virus removal

Clean Trojan.Webkit!html virus - Trojan.Webkit!html virus removal:

Trojan.Webkit!html is a generic detection for HTML files containing malicious code to redirect users to malicious Web servers,is a common detection method used to detects HTML files that contains malicious code to redirect users to its predefined Web servers where it can download additional malware onto the infected computer.

Here is a step by step set of instructions designed to help you clean up the virus:

1.Find and delete the following files and folders:

C:\Documents and Settings\user\Local Settings\Temporary Internet Files\Content.IE5\W96RIBA9\pro-activellc[1].htm

C:\Documents and Settings\user\Local Settings\Temporary Internet Files\Content.IE5\W96RIBA9\index[1].htm

C:\Documents and Settings\user\Local Settings\Temporary Internet Files\Content.IE5\W96RIBA9\pro-activellc[1].htm

Suggest:Clean the all file under C:\Documents and Settings\user\Local Settings\Temporary Internet Files

3. Scan your computer completely using antivirus software.

How to Lower Your Laptop Temperature

Do you find your laptop hotter than before? Does your laptop always blow hot air from the vent even if you don’t use any heavy duty program? Do you feel your laptop keyboard or touchpad getting hotter?

A hot laptop usually means a short life span laptop. You should always keep your laptop temperature low to prolong its life span. Using a cool laptop feels better too. You won’t feel as if your laptop just came out from the oven.

So what should you do if your laptop gets hotter than before? Here is a simple tip to lower your laptop temperature in one minute.

It started with my younger brother having some software problem on my old Acer laptop. He was in China. So the computer technician helped to format and reinstall the operating system. But after that, he found the laptop was quite hot. Even the keyboard and touch pad was hot. So he used a laptop cooler with fans.

When he came back, my another younger brother found out the real culprit for this heat problem. It was caused by Windows Power Management setting! The power scheme was set to “Home/Office Desk”. Setting it back to “Portable/Laptop” solved the problem immediately.

Before this, I thought the Power scheme is only a preset of timeout setting for turning off monitor, turning off hard disk, system standby and hibernate. Apparently, it does more than that. Choosing “Portable/Laptop” power scheme lets Windows know this is a laptop. So Windows will adjust its operating environment to save power and therefore, reduce temperature.

How to set the power scheme for your laptop?

For Windows XP, go to Start -> Control Panel and double click on “Power Options”. Under “Power schemes” section, select “Portable/Laptop” and click “OK”. Another simpler method is to left click on the Power taskbar icon and select the required setting.



For Windows Vista, the step should be roughly the same.

Just today, one of my relative with Acer laptop also experiences hot laptop. Hot air keep blowing out from her laptop fan. And she placed a laptop cooler at the bottom too. At first I thought it was the problem with Acer laptop. But then I remember the Power scheme setting. So I checked her power setting and it was set to “Always On”. After I changed the setting to “Portable/Laptop”, her laptop fan stopped blowing hot air after a few seconds.

So if you have similar problem, you may want to check your power scheme setting. Remember to set it to “Portable/Laptop”.

You can also check the program running on background. If possible, reduce your background program to minimum to reduce CPU work load. If a program crashed, CPU work load may be increased by 50% too.

Tuesday, April 21, 2009

How to lock rows or columns in Excel 2003


In Excel 2003, if you have a worksheet that has a large number of rows and columns and you need to have a specific number of rows or columns or both rows and columns be visible always then you may do this by freezing the rows or columns or both rows and columns.

Freeze only rows
To freeze only rows, you must first determine the number of rows to freeze. For example, if you need to freeze the first two rows then click on the A3 section in the worksheet and then click on the Window menu and click on Freeze Panes.

Freeze only columns
To freeze only columns, you must first determine the number of columns to freeze. For example, if you need to freeze the first two columns then click on the C1 section in the worksheet and then click on the Window menu and click on Freeze Panes.

Freeze both rows and columns

To freeze both rows and columns, first determine the number of rows and columns to freeze. For example, if you need to freeze the first two rows and first two columns then click on the C3 section in the worksheet and then click on the Window menu and click on Freeze Panes.


Cyberlink PowerDVD & Media Player DVD Error Codes - Error Code: 80040216

Cyberlink PowerDVD & Media Player DVD Error Codes - Error Code: 80040216

Fixes I found while trying to fix…
1. Reinstall program.
2. Make sure speakers are plugged in correctly.
3. Change cable to 80 pin IDE cable, make sure master/slave is setup correctly (i never use CS btw).
4. If it’s an 80 pin cable, replace it anyways.
5. Check the system event log for other errors & research them.
–This lead me to find a error while paging operation was taking place on /CDROM0
6. Disconnect slave/master & swap visa versa, etc. Switch sata ports if you have a sata dvd drive.
7. Replace the drive (fixed it in my instance)

Saturday, April 18, 2009

Water Damage Restoration For Your Laptops

Every electronic item that we buy always comes with one warning. Avoid contact with liquids. This is also true for our valuable laptops. However, try as we may, there will be times when we do end up spilling water or any other kind of liquid on our laptops. What should you do in this case? Well, firstly keep liquids away from your laptop. After all taking precautions is the best thing that you can do for avoiding damage to your laptops.

But in case you do end up spilling liquids on your laptop at that one slightly careless point in time, here are some water damage restoration steps that will help you.

First and foremost step in the water damage restoration of your laptops is turning it off. You should shut down your laptop immediately. Unplug it from any electricity source. Remove the batteries from the laptop. By cutting off all power to your machine, you will ensure that no damage is done to your motherboard.

The next step is to get the water out immediately. You can do this by turning your laptop upside down. Water spilled on your laptop may not damage your circuits or motherboard if the water damage restoration process is started immediately. What will cause damage to the internal components is the electricity which is running through your machine when the water is spilled.

Continue with this step in water damage restoration until you are sure that all the water has been drained out of your laptop.

Cutting off the power supply to the machine and allowing every last drop of water to drain out will help in the effective water damage restoration of your laptop.

Once this is done, use an absorbent towel or paper towel to wipe the external parts of the laptop.

Wipe the keyboard and make sure that there is no water trapped in between the keys.

Continue with the water damage restoration by using a damp cloth to wipe the screen of your laptop.

If a liquid other than water has been spilled on the laptop such as tea, coffee or soda, you will need to take your laptop apart. This is a very important step in the water damage restoration of your laptop and should be done with extreme caution. If you are not familiar with your machine and you do not know how to disassemble and reassemble it, take it to a laptop repair specialist. It may prove to be costly but may be necessary to get back your machine in working order.

Drying your laptop is a very important step in the water damage restoration of your laptop. Do not operate your machine unless you are convinced that it is completely dry. You might have to wait for about 1 to 2 days before switching on your laptop again.

Dry your laptop by keeping it in a dry place. Use a fan for faster drying. It will help in circulating air, reducing humidity and drying the excess water in your laptop.

To be on the safer side, it is always a good idea to get your water damaged laptop checked by a qualified laptop repair professional. The professional will thoroughly check the laptop and suggest any water damage restoration steps that might be necessary to minimize the damage to your machine.

Thursday, April 16, 2009

Ricoh Aficio 200/250 specifications, Troubleshooting, Error Codes

Ricoh Aficio 200 is a medium size multifunction product, manufactured by the Ricoh Corporation company. It is a monochrome copier with a copy speed of 20 pages per minute.

Standard features are as below:
  • 20 page per minute black & white copier 
  • Unlimited sorting capacity via Image Rotation. No Sorter Bins required 
  • Paper capacity ranging from 500 to 1,600 sheets. Cassettes hold letter, legal and 11 x 17" paper 
  • Optional Duplex Unit for two sided copies and print jobs, plus optional Finishing Unit for stapled documents 
  • 4.4 Kbps Fax Option can fax originals as large as 11 x 17" from the document feeder or platen glass 
  • 30 page Document Feeder Option for copier or fax flexibility 
  • Reduction/Enlargement from 25-400% 
  • First Copy Time: Less than 9.8 s (from 1st paper tray to face down copy tray), Less than 8.8 s (from 1st paper tray to face up copy tray)
  • Copy Number Input: Ten-key pad, 1 to 99 (count up or count down)
  • Manual Image Density: 7 steps
  • Automatic Reset: 60 s is the standard setting; it can be changed with a UP mode.
  • Auto Shut Off 15 min. is the standard setting; it can be changed with a UP mode.
  • Copy Paper Capacity: Paper Tray: 250 sheets
  • Optional Paper Tray Unit: 500 sheets x 2
  • Bypass: 100 sheets (A4, B5, A5, B6, 8.5 x 11", 5.5 x 8.5")
  • Toner Replenishment: Cartridge exchange (216 g/cartridge)

Machine is equipped with these optional equipments:

  • Platen cover
  • Auto document feeder
  • Paper tray unit with two paper trays
  • 1-bin sorter
  • Duplex unit
  • Key counter
  • Tray heater
  • Optical anti-condensation heater
Aficio 200 Error Codes:

Like other digital machines, Aficio 200 is equipped with a self diagnostic mode which detects any problem during copy process and displays error code on the machine display. Here I'll give you a detail of some common error codes:

SC120:
Scanner home position error 1
Check scanner home position sensor. It may be defective or disconnected from the board.

SC320:
Polygon motor error. Polygon motor is defective or interface harness has poor connection.

SC322:
This is Laser synchronization error caused by poor harness connection, or the synchronization board is out of position/defective

SC390:
Toner Density sensor output is abnormal. Check TD sensor connections/ Replace the TD sensor

SC500:
This error means that th main motor is locked. Check whole drive mechanism/ check motor.

SC503:
This code will be displayed if upper tray lift motor is malfunctioning. Check the upper limit sensor and the lift motor.

SC542, SC543, SC544, SC546,
These codes are related to fuser temperature. Make sure that power source voltage are not low. check thermisters, fusing lamps etc. To reset this code press "All clear" yellow key, enter 107 and press the red key for some seconds. Sevice mode will be displayed, enter SP 5-810 (SC code reset) and select "1". Then hold down the Photo mode key and the # key at the same time for at least 3 seconds

SC900:
Total counter error. Replace the counter.

If you need more detail, let me know in your comments.

Solutions for Most Common Windows Live Messenger (MSN Messenger) Error Codes

1. Fix for Error Code 80070002

1) Look for this file ppcrlconfig.dll which is here X:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Microsoft\IdentityCRL\ppcrlconfig.dll) and delete it.
2) Remove any WLM or MSN Messenger installed (including the MSG).
3) Make Restart the Windows Live Messenger.


2. Fix for Error Code 80004005

If you receive this error message, check first if you have the version 8.0.792 or later of Windows Live Messenger. You can download the latest version of the Web site of Windows Live Messenger.

If you continue to receive this error after confirm that you have the latest version of Messenger, try one of the following steps to resolve the problem:

Verify the settings "Folder Options":

For Windows XP

1. On the taskbar, click Start, then select Explorer.
2. Click Tools and then select Folder Options.
3. Click the View tab.
4. In the Advanced settings list, select Show hidden files and folders, make sure it does not selected unknown extensions for known file types and then click OK.
5. In Windows Explorer click the View menu, click Line Explorer and check that the folders are selected.

For Windows Vista

1. On the taskbar, click Start, then select Explorer.
2. Click Organize, and then select Folder and Search Options.
3. Click the View tab.
4. In the Advanced settings list, select Show hidden files and folders, make sure it does not selected unknown extensions for known file types and then click OK.
5. Click Organize.
6. Layout menu, verify that it has selected the browser Window.

Then delete the cache file of your contacts:

For Windows XP

1. On the taskbar, click Start, then select Explorer.
2. Navigate to the folder C: \Documents and Settings\your login name in the Windows\Contacts\Your email address in Messenger.
3. Delete all files in the folder.
4. Navigate to the folder C:\Documents and Settings\your login name in the Windows\Local Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\Windows Live Contacts\Your email address in Messenger.
5. Delete all files and hidden folders in the folder email address in your Messenger.
6. Close Windows Explorer and try to enter again in Messenger.

For Windows Vista

1. On the taskbar, click Start, then select Explorer.
2. Navigate to the folder C:\Users\your login name in the Windows\Contacts\Your email address in Messenger.
3. Delete all files in the folder.
4. Navigate to the folder C:\Users your login name in the Windows\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows Live Contacts\Your email address in Messenger.
5. Delete all files and hidden folders in the folder email address in your Messenger.
6. Close Windows Explorer and try to enter again in Messenger.

Important

Be careful not to delete the entire folder, your contacts as it will delete all your contacts. For more information about the backup for your contacts, see the Help documentation of your email.


3. Fix for Error Code 80040111

It may not be able to sign in to Windows Live Messenger due to a problem with the DLL file or the unit of analysis XML.

To resolve this problem:
Submit a new DLL files
To enter a new file Msxml3.dll on a computer running Windows XP:

1. On the taskbar, click Start and then Run.
2. Type % windir%\system32\regsvr32%windir%\system32\msxml3. dll.
3. Click OK and then press again OK.
4. Wait a few minutes and then try again to enter.

To enter a new file Msxml3.dll on a computer running Windows Vista:

1. On the taskbar, click Start, type %windir%\system32\regsvr32%windir%\system32\msxml3 .dll in Start Search and then press ENTER.
2. Click OK and then press again OK.
3. Wait a few minutes and then try again to enter.

Reinstall the XML Parser

1. Visit the download site for the unit of analysis XML Microsoft.
2. Under the msxml3.msi, click the Download button and select to save the file to your computer.
3. Locate the msxml3.msi on your computer and then double-click it.
4. Follow the instructions on the screen.


4. Fix for Error Code 800701f6

1) Make Register softpub.dll.
2) click on the Start button, then run the regsvr32 softpub.dll file from "Run" or "Run" Restart in Windows Live Messenger.
3) Make the correct setting of the time ...


5. Fix for Error Code 8004888D

Go to the DOS prompt "Run" or "Run" and Type the following ...

regsvr32 Msxml3.dll / s

regsvr32 Dssenh.dll / s
regsvr32 Gpkcsp.dll / s
regsvr32 Slbcsp.dll / s
regsvr32 Sccbase.dll / s
regsvr32 Softpub.dll / s
regsvr32 Wintrust.dll / s
regsvr32 Initpki.dll / s
regsvr32 Rsaenh.dll / s
regsvr32 Mssip32.dll / s
regsvr32 Cryptdlg.dll / s

Finally Make a reboot and you're OK ...

The same with the previous 5. # Error Code 800401f3

1) Make sure that the problem is not with your Microsoft:
2) If you do not have the XML parser, download and install version 3.0, restart your computer and try again

6. Fix for Error Code 0x81000370

1. Click Start, and then click Run.
2. Then press CMD.
3. And Type the following, remember to press ENTER after each entry.

regsvr32 softpub.dll
regsvr32 wintrust.dll
regsvr32 initpki.dll
regsvr32 dssenh.dll
regsvr32 rsaenh.dll
regsvr32 gpkcsp.dll
regsvr32 sccbase.dll
regsvr32 slbcsp.dll
regsvr32 cryptdlg.dll


7. Fix for Error Code 80048820

You can not sign in Windows Live Messenger
It may not be able to enter due to a problem with connecting to the Internet, the firewall (A security feature designed to help protect your computer from unauthorized external access. It may be hardware, software or both.) With the date and time settings with the proxy server settings, the security settings or security SSL. It may also be temporarily off the server. To resolve this problem, follow these steps in the following order:

a. Check your Internet connection
Visit another Web site to make sure that you are connected to the Internet. If you can not connect to a site, contact your ISP (service provider Internet. A company that provides access to the Internet.) Or your local network.
Check the firewall settings

1. Go to the site of MSN Web Messenger.
2. Click Start MSN Web Messenger and try to enter.

If you can sign in to MSN Web Messenger, but Windows Live Messenger still can not access the Internet, the Windows Live Messenger may be blocked by a firewall. You may need to add MSNmsgr.exe the list of permitted programs your firewall. For more information, see the documentation or the Web site of your firewall.

b. Check the network of Windows Live Messenger
The Windows Live Messenger service may be unavailable temporarily.

c. Check the network of Windows Live Messenger Status on the Web site network of Windows Live Messenger, and then try to login again later.

d. Check the proxy server settings in Windows Internet Explorer

If you can not connect to the Internet, verify that the proxy settings in Internet Explorer are correct. Perhaps you should contact the ISP (service provider Internet. A company that provides access to the Internet.) Or your network administrator to learn the correct settings. To remove the proxy server settings in Internet Explorer:

1. Start Internet Explorer.
2. In the Tools menu, click Options Internet.
3. In the Connections tab, click LAN Settings.
4. Clear the check box Automatically detect settings.
5. Click OK and then press again OK.

Remove the proxy server settings in Messenger

1. Start Messenger.
2. Select Tools, then click Options.
3. In Connection, click Advanced.
4. Delete the entries in SOCKS.
5. Click OK and then press again OK.

Verify the security settings of Internet Explorer

1. Start Internet Explorer.
2. In the Tools menu, click Options Internet.
3. In the Advanced tab, under Security make sure the check box Check for server certificate revocation is not selected and that the check boxes Use SSL 2.0 and Use SSL 3.0 are selected.
4. Click OK.


8. Fix for Error Code 80048883

1) Download the file http://clientconfig.passport.net/ppcrlconfig.bin if you can not access then try this one http://www.messengertools.net/Files/ppcrlconfig.dll later 2) Change the extension files. DLL
3) Now place the file here C:\Documents and Settings\[Windows Username]\Application Data\Microsoft\IdentityCRL\ and then overwrite to existing file.


9. Fix for Error Code 80072efd

solves this error very easily click "Run" or "Run" and type the following and then enter

"regsvr32 Dssenh.dll Gpkcsp.dll Slbcsp.dll Sccbase.dll" (without "")


10. Fix for Error Code 80072ee6

It may not be able to enter due to error in file DLL.

To enter a new file Msxml3.dll on your computer:

1. In Windows XP, click Start and then Run.
whatever In Windows Vista, click Start, then click the Start Search.
2. Type %windir%\system32\regsvr32% windir%\system32\msxml3.dll and press ENTER.
3. Click OK.

11. Fix for Error Code 80070002


1) Look for this file ppcrlconfig.dll which is here X:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Microsoft\IdentityCRL\ppcrlconfig.dll) and delete it.
2) Remove any WLM or MSN Messenger installed (including the MSG).
3) Make Restart the Windows Live Messenger.


12. Fix for Error Code 80004005

If you receive this error message, check first if you have the version 8.0.792 or later of Windows Live Messenger. You can download the latest version of the Web site of Windows Live Messenger.

If you continue to receive this error after confirm that you have the latest version of Messenger, try one of the following steps to resolve the problem:

Verify the settings "Folder Options":

For Windows XP

1. On the taskbar, click Start, then select Explorer.
2. Click Tools and then select Folder Options.
3. Click the View tab.
4. In the Advanced settings list, select Show hidden files and folders, make sure it does not selected unknown extensions for known file types and then click OK.
5. In Windows Explorer click the View menu, click Line Explorer and check that the folders are selected.

For Windows Vista

1. On the taskbar, click Start, then select Explorer.
2. Click Organize, and then select Folder and Search Options.
3. Click the View tab.
4. In the Advanced settings list, select Show hidden files and folders, make sure does not selected unknown extensions for known file types and then click OK.
5. Click Organize.
6. Layout menu, verify that it has selected the browser Window.

Then delete the cache file of your contacts:

For Windows XP

1. On the taskbar, click Start, then select Explorer.
2. Navigate to the folder C:\Documents and Settings\your login name in the Windows\Contacts\Your email address in Messenger.
3. Delete all files in the folder.
4. Navigate to the folder C:\Documents and Settings\your login name in the Windows\Local Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\Windows Live Contacts\Your email address in Messenger.
5. Delete all files and hidden folders in the folder email address in your Messenger.
6. Close Windows Explorer and try to enter again in Messenger.

For Windows Vista

1. On the taskbar, click Start, then select Explorer.
2. Navigate to the folder C:\Users\your login name in the Windows\Contacts\Your email address in Messenger.
3. Delete all files in the folder.
4. Navigate to the folder C:\Users\your login name in the Windows\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows Live Contacts\Your email address in Messenger.
5. Delete all files and hidden folders in the folder email address in your Messenger.
6. Close Windows Explorer and try to enter again in Messenger.

Important

Be careful not to delete the entire folder, your contacts as it will delete all your contacts. For more information about the backup for your contacts, see the Help documentation of your email.


13. Fix for Error Code 80040111


It may not be able to sign in to Windows Live Messenger due to a problem with the DLL file or the unit of analysis XML.

To resolve this problem:
Submit a new DLL files
To enter a new file Msxml3.dll on a computer running Windows XP:

1. On the taskbar, click Start and then Run.
2. Type %windir%\system32\regsvr32% windir%\system32\msxml3.dll.
3. Click OK and then press again OK.
4. Wait a few minutes and then try again to enter.

To enter a new file Msxml3.dll on a computer running Windows Vista:

1. On the taskbar, click Start, type %windir%\system32\regsvr32%windir%\system32\msxml3 .dll in Start Search and then press ENTER.
2. Click OK and then press again OK.
3. Wait a few minutes and then try again to enter.

Reinstall the XML Parser

1. Visit the download site for the unit of analysis XML Microsoft.
2. Under the msxml3.msi, click the Download button and select to save the file to your computer.
3. Locate the msxml3.msi on your computer and then double-click it.
4. Follow the instructions on the screen.


14. Fix for Error Code 800701f6


1) Make Register softpub.dll.
2) click on the Start button, then run the regsvr32 softpub.dll file from "Run" or "Run" Restart in Windows Live Messenger.
3) Make the correct setting of the time ...


15. Fix for Error Code 8004888D

Go to the DOS prompt "Run" or "Run" and type the following ...

regsvr32 Msxml3.dll / s
regsvr32 Dssenh.dll / s
regsvr32 Gpkcsp.dll / s
regsvr32 Slbcsp.dll / s
regsvr32 Sccbase.dll / s
regsvr32 Softpub.dll / s
regsvr32 Wintrust.dll / s
regsvr32 Initpki.dll / s
regsvr32 Rsaenh.dll / s
regsvr32 Mssip32.dll / s
regsvr32 Cryptdlg.dll / s

Finally Make a reboot and you're OK ...

Wednesday, April 15, 2009

How To Hack Computer Password In Windows XP All Service Pack

Hacking is crime but hackers are never stop the hacking. When we hack the computer password it is not a big hacking but it is take some place of hacking. People always search about how to hack computer password, how to recover my computer password, how to hack password of win. xp and more search about this topic. Now i give the simple way to hack the password of windows xp all service pack.

1) click on the “Start Button” and click “Run” after that type the “cmd” without the quotes.
  • Type net user then press enter
  • After this process type “Net user [Username of Account]*” then press Enter, without the quotes["], and quotes. Make sure spell of the username is correctl, and you have the ‘*’.
  • To change password press enter.
2) When you are Logged out of the computer and cannot figure out the password at the start up screen, do the following steps for hack the password:
  • Restart the computer and toggle (continue press) the F8 button.
  • You found a screen that will ask you if you want to boot with command prompt (that is one way) or boot in safe mode without command prompt.
3) Note that computer will boot in safe mode in a small window or screen and you will see a menu that asks which account you want to access. We know that the other accounts you can’t get into but there will be a new account called computer administrator.

4) Click on the computer administrator and go to control panel/user accounts and remove the password.

Tuesday, April 14, 2009

KM 2560 Error Codes

The KM-2540 is an extremely reliable multifunctional that is above all easy to use. Kyocera system software allows several tasks to be carried out simultaneously - enhancing cross network co-ordination, reducing downtime and improving the efficiency of the whole workgroup. Simple to operate, it takes your document capabilities to a new level. The KM-2540 also incorporates extremely durable components that guarantee efficient and reliable operation to meet the demanding requirements of busy office environments.  

The design of the paper lift panel has been improved for a smoother paper flow. The new label on the paper lift, shows users how to correctly position the paper. The LSU(Laser Scanner Unit) is covered by a soundproof cover to reduce noise. (high frequencies). It uses an amorphous silicon drum in the imaging unit. It can handle 300k pages per maintenance cycle. This helps customers to reduce down-time, which in turn helps the dealers too. Deliver easy to see, easy to operate touch screen. The keys on the operation panel are changed to concave for the easy to use.

Important Error Codes:
The KM 2540 is equipped with a self-diagnostic function. When a problem is detected, copying is disabled and the problem displayed as a code consisting of C followed by a number, indicating the nature of the problem. The error can be cleared by turning the main power switch off and then on. But some codes needs to be reset by an engineer only.

Following errors are reset when the machine is turned on and off:

CF2XX, CF7XX, CFAXX, CFBXX, CF3XX, CF4XX, CF5XX, CF6XX, 0xFBXX, CF1XX,

Some other important error codes are:

  • C0420 Optional paper feeder communication problem
  • C0440 Optional document finisher/built-in finisher communication problem
  • C1010 Upper lift motor error
  • C1020 Lower lift motor error
To reset a fusing code, enter into the service mode (1087 1087), enter 163 and press "Start" button. All the codes starting with digit "6" are fusing error codes i;e:

C6000, C6020, C6050, C6121, C6150, C6400, C6420

Always take necessary actions to clear the cause of the trouble before resetting the above codes. (Check thermister, fuser heater, power source board, etc).

Monday, April 13, 2009

Buying a laptop? Some cheap options

Planning to buy a laptop, but not sure if to spare the cash in the present uncertain economic scenario? Here's how to have a laptop without taxing your pocket.

Welcome to the emerging breed of laptops, called Netbooks, these mini-laptops offer slimmer looks, smart functionalities and carry a small price tag. The category initially lead by Taiwan-based Asus, today has been joined by all PC majors including Acer, Dell and HP.

Also, called Internet books, they are ideal devices for Web browsing, emailing, chatting, designing and gaming. Here are some recent NetBooks launches to guide your decision.

Acer Aspire One D150


Acer recently launched a 10.1-inch Aspire One D150 Netbook in India with WSVGA LCD display featuring Acer CrystalBrite technology.

The 10-inch version offers 1024 x 600 pixels as the native resolution. The notebook has a multi-touch trackpad and a six-cell Li-ion battery.

Equipped with 1.6GHz Intel Atom N270 processor, Aspire One D150 packs Intel 945GSE chipset that features Intel GMA950 graphics. Aspire One D150 comes with 1GB DDR2 memory and can be upgraded up to 2GB DDR2 memory.

The Netbook also includes Windows XP with Service Pack 3 pre-loaded as compared to Linux Lite OS available in previous models.

Aspire One D150 promises up to five hours of battery life with a six-cell Li-ion battery. Priced at Rs 20,999, key specifications include Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Acer Crystal Eye Webcam, and USB ports.

Lenovo S10



Lenovo's ultra-portable S10 ideapad Netbook launched last year is also an ideal budget option during these recessionary times.

Weighing under 1.25 kg, it has a 10.2-inch non-glossy screen outlined with white plastic. S10 has 160GB, 5400 RPM hard disk coupled with 1GB of RAM at 667 MHz. It packs 1.6-GHz Intel Atom N270 processor and runs on Windows XP Home edition. The notebook also boasts of a 1.3 megapixel webcam and an in-built mic.

Priced at Rs 20,990, the notebook has 2 USBs, media card reader, ExpressCard slot and headphone jack.


Samsung NC10



Here's a budget option from Samsung stable, NP-NC10 Netbook.

Powered by the Intel Atom N270, the Netbook has Intel 945GSE chipset. NC10 packs 1GB RAM, 160 GB hard drive and an onboard Intel GMA 950 GPU. It comes preinstalled with Microsoft Windows XP Home edition and McAfee Virus Scan.

With 10.2-inch screen display at 1024 x 600 resolution, the Netbook has 1.3 megapixel webcam. For connectivity it has 10/100 Ethernet, Wi-Fi b/g and Bluetooth.

Priced at Rs 24,990, other features include one VGA and 3 USB ports, audio ports and a Kensington lock slot.

HP Mini 1109TU



HP's low-budget Netbook Mini 1109TU is another ideal budget buying option this recession. The Netbook has 10.1-inch LED backlit widescreen display, 2USB ports, headphone-out and mic combo jack.

Weighing 1.09 kg, HP Mini 1109TU runs Windows XP Home and packs Norton AV. It packs Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and in-built memory card reader.

Powered by Intel Atom N270 1.6GHz processor, Mini 1109TU has Intel Graphics Media Accelerator 950, 1GB memory capacity and 80GB storage. The Netbook is available for Rs 21,490 plus taxes.

Asus Eee PC 1002HA



In February, Asus refreshed its Eee PC line-up in India with the launch of Eee PC 1002HA.

Closely resembling its predecessor (Eee PC S101), 1002HA has a 10-inch LED backlight display offering 1024 x 600 pixel resolution. Equipped with 1.6GHz Intel Atom N270 processor, Intel 945GSE chipset, DDR2 RAM with storage up to 2GB, a 160GB HDD, the Netbook has 1.3 megapixel camera.

The Netbook promises 4.15 hours of battery life. Asus boasts about its Super Hybrid Engine (SHE) technology in the Eee PC 1002HA which saves up to 15 per cent power.

Running Windows XP Home edition, 1002HA has a multi-touch trackpad. For connectivity, it includes WiFi (802.11 b/g/n) and Bluetooth. It is available for Rs 24,990 (approx) plus taxes.